Last minute Brief history of the city of Gubbio: from Tavole Egubine to the fourty Martyrs


Brief history of the city of Gubbio: from Tavole Egubine to the fourty Martyrs

Discovering Umbria

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The archaeological testimonies reveal the presence of the man in Gubbio outskirts since the epoch of the middle Palaeolithic, but the first real form town was engraved by the Umbri, whose founded Ikuvium, a rich and powerful installation, which social and religious life is described and regulated by the Tavole Egubine. This exceptional finding was recovered in 1444 and today is guarded in the Civic Museum. These are seven bronze tables on which are engraved on twelve fašades information on the divinities, cults, rites, prayers and demonstrations, but also on the topography of the territory. Some are written in ancient Umbrian dialect, with Etruscan characters dated III-II century B.C., others in Latin language datable around the I century A.C.

Gubbio was the first Umbrian city to tighten a pact of alliance with Rome (III century B.C.), and this brought it to always gravitate in its orbit, up to firmly pass under its dominion, getting in the 89 B.C. the Roman citizen. In that epoch the city was called Iguvium, it possessed a splendid Roman Theatre, that still exists, and structured its own urban centre on the classical model of Roman origin, on which the following medieval development will be happily installed.

With the collapse of the Roman Empire, Iguvium becomes Agobbio, and remains exposed to the frequent invasions and devastations of the barbaric hordes time after time, in long and in wide the peninsula.

The definitive rebirth begins beginning from the XI century, and continuous with bishop Ubaldo Baldassini's address (1128-1160), when the city became a blooming of buildings, roads and sacred buildings, which engraves a definite acceleration to the political life, social cultural and artistic, crowned by the institution of Gubbio as free Commune. In this period the city assumes the aspect that will characterize it in the following years up to make it like we see today. Floridity and power increase time after time, so Gubbio extends its territorial dominion, it defeats a coalition of 11 communes driven by Perugia that gives battle. It reaches the notable number of 50.000 inhabitants, Piazza della Signoria and the Palazzo dei Consoli are consequently built. The main social work, civilian and religious of the bishop Ubaldo will cross in full the history of Gubbio, engraved in the places and in the memory of the inhabitants and consecrated by pope Celestino III, who in 1192 proclaims him saint and the city its patron.

But despite all Gubbio will lose its autonomy passing from the dominion of the family Gabrielli to that of the pontifical legacy Egidio Albornoz. The popular fury never accepted such solution, so took back the guide of the city and submitted it to the dukes of Montefeltro, whose best demonstration of government had with Federico, born in Gubbio in 1422, thanks to the fame of its military enterprises, to its work of patron and the construction of the Palazzo Ducale. Finished the epoch of the Montefeltro in 1508, with the death of Guidobaldo, the dominion passed in the hands of the Della Rovere, up to when the city didn't suffer the dominion of the Pontifical State and to be annexed finally to the Kingdom of Italy in 1860.

But the stories of the past don't exhaust the history of Gubbio, as it testify the elevated tribute of blood offered by the fourty martyrs slaughtered for retaliation by Nazi soldiers during the Second World War in 22nd June 1944, whose memory is always alive and present in the Mausoleum devoted to them and sets on the place of the sad episode.
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In Gubbio the whole beauty of the Middle Ages - The city of Gubbio is a precious casket inside which medieval gems of incomparable beauty are guarded. It's a place rich in history, culture, art and millennial tra... Brief_history_of_the_city_of_Gubbio_from_Tavole_Egubine_to_the_fourty_Martyrs_country_houses
Brief_history_of_the_city_of_Gubbio_from_Tavole_Egubine_to_the_fourty_Martyrs_hotels Tavole Eugubine, the memory of Gubbio - This exceptional finding was recovered in 1444, very probably in the Roman Theatre of Gubbio. Today is guarded in the Civic Museum. These are seven bronze ta... Brief_history_of_the_city_of_Gubbio_from_Tavole_Egubine_to_the_fourty_Martyrs_hotel
Brief_history_of_the_city_of_Gubbio_from_Tavole_Egubine_to_the_fourty_Martyrs_bed_and_breakfast The Run of the Ceri of Gubbio, a total social event - It doesn't probably exist at the world other event able to involve a whole population in so global way, to characterize the identity and the affiliation of a social group.... Brief_history_of_the_city_of_Gubbio_from_Tavole_Egubine_to_the_fourty_Martyrs_handicraft
Brief_history_of_the_city_of_Gubbio_from_Tavole_Egubine_to_the_fourty_Martyrs_typical_products The white truffle of Gubbio, the gastronomic excellence - There are many typical products that characterize the territories of Gubbio, but among all, it deserves the gold palm of the gastronomic excellence the valuable white t... Brief_history_of_the_city_of_Gubbio_from_Tavole_Egubine_to_the_fourty_Martyrs_maps
Brief_history_of_the_city_of_Gubbio_from_Tavole_Egubine_to_the_fourty_Martyrs_how_to_reach The bread of Gubbio, the Crescia - Take some flour, add some water, a pinch of salt and little bicarbonate, don't make leaven the prepared but abandon it above a plate of red hot stone (also the plate is al... Brief_history_of_the_city_of_Gubbio_from_Tavole_Egubine_to_the_fourty_Martyrs_church
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