Two years after the death of St. Francis of Assisi, during his
canonization, the building of Basilica begun, consecrated in 1253. A lot of
polemics rose against the Order concerning the opportunity to erect such a magnificent building and to fresco it so
richly in memory of a saint who had done of the poverty and of the humility the
proper believe. The contradiction have appeared incurable to some, but its
construction has succeeded in the miracle to reconcile the opposite visions.
The Basilica is composed in fact from two overlapped churches, an Inferiore and
a Superiore. The Basilica Inferiore fully reflects the features of the Romanesque style in the thickness of the
walls and in the strong pillars, where low vaults, the scarce illumination and
the limitation of the space invite the spirit to the reflection, to the refolding
on himself, to the interiority. It's not missing however the authentic
collection of masterpieces, with frescos of Simone Martini, Pietro Lorenzetti, and of Cimabue and Giotto. The Basilica Superiore is an only vast
aisle with ample and slender ogival vaults, well illuminated, in a style that
fully answers to purest Gothic French. Here the light full the whole space, and
the lightness of the environment is exalted by the rich pictorial decorations
of Cimabue and Giotto, glorifying at the most degree the grandeur of the spirit
and the joy of the Franciscan message. The Basilica Inferiore appears as a
shady crypt, place of pray and concentration. Instead The Superiore is a bright
opened space, a serene reachable sky without clouds.
The outside still have typical features of
the Romanesque style with its strong buttresses, the free fašade, the plain and
mighty bell tower. The single element of contrast is the bipartite front door
of clear Gothic imprint. And if the frescos of the insides illustrate us the
pictorial passage from the old to the new painting way, the Basilica is a
precious document of the architectural evolution from the Romanesque to Gothic
the Basilica there is a cave, in which there's a crypt dug in 1818, where a
space has been drawn for deposing the bare of St. Francis contained inside a
sarcophagus set to the rock.
The art of the spirit and the spirit of art at Assisi
The art of spirit and the spirit of art
are woven at Assisi for celebrating the wedding among the most elevated the man
can conceive. Two grandiose revolutionary messages ...
Assisi, the East of the world
In 1182 Francis was born and as a new sun
makes of Assisi the East of the world. This way Dante
fixes in the XI song of the Heaven the coordinates to
St.Francis of Assisi and the Hymn to the Sun
The extreme synthesis of the spiritual
convictions of Francis of Assisi
its message of peace and harmony with the world and God, is contained in the
St. Francis of Assisi: the inventor of the Crib
The spiritual distance that separated Francis of Assisi
ecclesiastical hierarchies of the time, brought him to draw closer always to
the people, more preci...
Giotto's histories in the Basilica of Assisi
The splendid intersection of life that
happened in Assisi
, in the Basilica Superiore
, was when Giotto
in 1290 had to represent the
life of St. Fran
Assisi Capital of the Peace and Patrimony of the humanity
In 2000 the UNESCO has inserted Assisi in
the list of the places that for history, importance, culture and tradition, are
ideally released by the geographical place in whi...
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